HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and measures of endothelial function, inflammation, metabolism, and oxidative stress

No significant differences were found amongst the three groups in FMD (P = 0.46), NTGMD (P = 0.42), RHVTI (P = 0.17), and FMD/RHVTI (P = 0.22) in unadjusted comparisons. Adjusted ANOVA models which included brachial artery diameter, demographics, and conventional CVD risk factors did not appreciably change these findings. In pairwise comparisons, the HIV+ART- group had significantly higher soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor II, soluble CD163, β-2 microglobulin, interferon-γ- induced protein-10, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 compared to the other two groups (all p<0.05). Correlates of endothelial function differed between study groups. We performed a...

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