Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Shape of Brain's Cerebellum

Autism Spectrum Disorder Linked to Shape of Brain's Cerebellum

Structural differences in the cerebellum may be linked to some aspects of autism spectrum disorder, according to a neuroimaging study from Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC). The findings were published online today in PLOS ONE. The cerebellum--which means 'little brain' in Latin--constitutes only 10 percent of the brain's total volume, though it contains 80 percent of all neurons in the human brain. It was once thought that this irregularly shaped structure of the brain primarily governed motor function, but recent studies suggest that it also plays an important role in implicit learning (extracting the underlying rules without explicit instruction)...

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