The American Psychological Association (APA) and the American Academy of Pediatrics both agree that the harmful effects of the zero-tolerance immigration policy may run the gamut from future depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to violent tendencies, substance abuse and difficulty forming relationships down the line. And though not every child who experiences trauma will develop these conditions, Temple says the kids in question, who have likely faced other stressors prior to being taken from their parents, may be particularly at risk.
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