Smoking Puts Blacks at Higher Risk for Heart Failure

Smoking Puts Blacks at Higher Risk for Heart Failure

Smoking may significantly increase black Americans' risk of heart failure, a new study warns.

Mental Health Does Not Come With A Manual, It Comes With Friends & Family Support That Never Gives Up!
Join now

The study included 4,129 black participants who were followed for a median of eight years. Half were followed for a shorter time, half for a longer period. Their average age: 54.

When the study began, none had heart failure or hardening of the arteries, which can lead to heart failure. During the study period, there were 147 hospitalizations for heart failure.

Compared to those who never smoked, smokers had triple the risk of hospitalization for heart failure. That risk was 3.5 times higher for those who currently smoked a pack or more a day. And it was twice as high among those with a history equivalent to smoking a pack a day for 15 years.

The researchers also found a link between current smoking and an enlarged left ventricle -- a sign that the heart's main pumping chamber is not working properly. Changes in its structure and function likely boost heart failure odds, according to study senior author Dr. Michael Hall. He is a cardiologist at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson.

The study was published recently 9 in the journal Circulation.

"Previous research has focused on smoking and atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, but not enough attention has been given to the other bad effects of smoking on the heart," Hall said in a journal news release.

"With increasing rates of heart failure, particularly among African-Americans, we wanted to look at the link between smoking and heart failure," he added.

Because the study focused on three counties in the Jackson, Miss., area, the findings may not apply to black Americans who live elsewhere, according to Hall.

"Still, the study clearly underscores the harms of smoking and the benefits of quitting," he said. "As health care professionals, we would recommend that all patients quit smoking anyway, but the message should be made even more forcefully to patients at higher risk of heart failure."

The Internet's Most Trusted Source For Mental Health Information
Sign up

About 20 percent of Americans over age 40 are expected to develop heart failure, according to the American Heart Association.

More information

The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more on heart failure.


Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


Related Content

My Relationship Isn't Doomed Just Because I Have Borderline Personality Disorder
My Relationship Isn't Doomed Just Because I Have Borderline Personality Disorder

When I was diagnosed with Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder earlier this...

Read more
Many People Taking Antidepressants Discover They Cannot Quit
Many People Taking Antidepressants Discover They Cannot Quit

Victoria Toline would hunch over the kitchen table, steady her hands and draw a ...

Read more
What Is the Relation Between Eating Disorders and Trauma?
What Is the Relation Between Eating Disorders and Trauma?

A recent study examines the association between eating disorders and different t...

Read more
Heightened "Performance Monitoring" in Early Childhood Linked to OCD
Heightened "Performance Monitoring" in Early Childhood Linked to OCD

Findings published in JAMA Psychiatry showed that heightened performance monitor...

Read more
New Study Questions Use of Talk Therapy as Treatment for Schizophrenia
New Study Questions Use of Talk Therapy as Treatment for Schizophrenia

The findings of the first meta-analysis examining the effectiveness of Cognitive...

Read more
What To Do When Depression Hits
What To Do When Depression Hits

When depression hits, not only is it difficult to motivate yourself to seek out ...

Read more