A ventral hernia commonly occurs in the abdominal wall where a prior surgical incision was made, leading to weakening of the abdominal wall.
As the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons describes it, the interior lining of the abdomen then pushes through the weakened area of the abdominal wall, forming a balloon-shape sac.
People with this type of hernia may feel pain when they lift something heavy. These hernias will not repair themselves over time.
Traditionally, hernia repairs were done during conventional surgery. More recently, doctors have used laparoscopic repair -- a technique to fix tears in the abdominal wall using smaller incisions, laparoscopes (small telescopes inserted into the abdomen) and a patch (screen or mesh) to reinforce the abdominal wall.
This technique -- for most people -- results in shorter hospital stays, faster recoveries and less pain, the doctor's group says.
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