Association of MDM2 expression with shorter progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy

This study evaluated the prognostic roles of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) and p53 in pancreatic cancer patients treated with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. A total of 137 advanced or recurrent adenocarcinoma patients who were treated with gemcitabine-based palliative chemotherapy were reviewed, selected from 957 patients with pancreatic malignancy between 2008 and 2013 at our hospital. Immunohistochemical staining for MDM2 and p53 with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues was independently reviewed. Nuclear or cytoplasmic expression of MDM2 and p53 was found in tumor cells of 30 (21.9%) and 71 (51.8%) patients, respectively. Patients with MDM2 expression had shorter median overall survival (OS) (3.7...

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