Association between E/e´ ratio and fluid overload in patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease

Eighty-four patients were analyzed. Forty-six patients (54.76%) had E/e´ ratio ≤15 and 38 patients (45.24%) had E/e´ > 15 (diastolic dysfunction). Patients with E/e´>15 had significantly higher serum NT-proBNP (14,650 pg/mL) than patients with to E/e´≤15 (4,271 pg/mL) and had more overhydration (OH), 5.1 liters compared to 2.4 liters. The cut-off values predicting diastolic dysfunction were found to be 2,797 pg/mL for NT-proBNP and 2.45 liters for OH. Assessment and management of volume status is especially important as it can improve hemodynamic stability. Although various methods for assessing volume status including physical examination, chest X-rays, and ultrasonography are available, each...

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